The purpose of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of psychotropic drug use and the predictors of use during hospitalization.
We investigated 728 patients admitted to medical, gynecological, and surgical wards of two non-university general hospitals in Austria for psychotropic drug use, psychiatric morbidity, and sociodemographic characteristics.
The use of psychotropics was highest in medical wards (67.6%), followed by surgical (59.3%), and gynecological wards (37.8%). Older age, psychiatric caseness, consultation by psychiatrists and use of psychotropics before admission were predictors for psychotropic drug use.
Psychotropics were given for a longer duration to psychiatric cases than to non-cases.
Anxiolytics were prescribed most often (39.6%), followed by hypnotics (16.9%), neuroleptics (10.7%), and antidepressants (7.0%). Conclusions : The fact that psychiatric illness is a significant predictor of psychotropic drug use suggests that these drugs were prescribed aptly.
The longer duration of use among psychiatric cases supports the idea of appropriate prescriptions.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hospitalisation, Hôpital général, Chimiothérapie, Psychotrope, Prédiction, Utilisation, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Autriche, Europe, Santé mentale, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hospitalization, General hospital, Chemotherapy, Psychotropic, Prediction, Use, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Austria, Europe, Mental health, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0089320
Code Inist : 002B02B02. Création : 31/05/1999.