Background The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the burden of disability and death in men, from middle age to age of retirement, among occupational groups and classes in Geneva.
Methods Men were included if they resided in the Canton of Geneva, were 45 years of age in 1970-1972, and were not receiving a disability pension at the start of the follow-up.
The cohort of 5137 men was followed up for 20 years and linked to national registers of disability pension allowance and of causes of death.
Results There was a steep upward trend in incidence of permanent work incapacity with lower social class for all causes as well as for the seven causes of disability studied.
Compared with professional occupations (social class I), the relative risk (RR) of permanent work incapacity was 11.4 for partly skilled and unskilled occupations (class IV+V) (95% confidence interval [CI] : 5.2-28.0).
The social class gradient in mortality was in the same direction as that in work incapacity although much less steep (RR class IV+V to class I=1.6,95% CI : 1.1-2.2).
Survival without work incapacity at the time of the 65th birthday ranged from only 57% in construction workers and labourers to 89% in science and related professionals.
Unemployment in Geneva was below 1.5% during almost all the study period. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Survie, Incapacité travail, Handicap physique, Statut socioéconomique, Activité professionnelle, Incidence, Homme, Mâle, Epidémiologie, Suisse, Europe, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Survival, Work disability, Physical handicap, Socioeconomic status, Professional activity, Incidence, Human, Male, Epidemiology, Switzerland, Europe, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0087578
Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 31/05/1999.