Background The issue of inequalities in health has generated much discussion and socioeconomic status is considered an important variable in studies of health.
It is frequently used in epidemiological studies, either as a possible risk factor or a confounder and the aim of this study was to analyse the relation between socioeconomic status and risk of disability pension.
Methods Five complete birth year cohorts of middle-aged male residents in Malmö were invited to a health survey and 5782 with complete data constituted the cohort in this prospective study.
Each subject was followed for approximately 11 years and nationwide Swedish data registers were used for surveillance.
Results Among the 715 men (12%), granted disability pension during follow-up, three groups were distinguished.
The cumulative incidence of disability pension among blue collar workers was 17% and among lower and higher level white collar workers, 11% and 6% respectively.
With simultaneous adjustment for biological risk factors and job conditions, the relative risk for being granted a disability pension (using higher level white collar workers as reference) was 2.5 among blue collar workers and 1.6 among lower level white collar workers.
Conclusions socioeconomic status, as defined by occupation, is a risk factor for being granted disability pension even after adjusting for work conditions and other risk factors for disease.
Mots-clés Pascal : Statut socioéconomique, Handicap physique, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Adulte, Homme, Mâle, Pension d'invalidité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Socioeconomic status, Physical handicap, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Adult, Human, Male
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0086619
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 31/05/1999.