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  1. Reforming the water and sanitation sector in africa overview of the institutional framework.

    Communication - En anglais

    Stockholm water symposium. Stockholm, SWE, 1998/08/10.

    Approximately 380 million Africans, or more than half the continents'population, do not have access to suitably clean drinking water, and some 460 million lack any sanitation services.

    There are a number of reasons for this lack of progress, some related to overall conditions in the developing world, others to drought, natural disasters and political instability, and yet others to endemic deficiencies in the sector.

    There is increasing general awareness that existing deficiencies in the water and sanitation sector are attributable mainly to institutional shortcomings, and also regulatory, financial and technical inadequacies.

    Evaluations of the Water Decade have recognised that insufficient attention was given to the lack of institutional capabilities.

    While funds for extension of systems to meet demand of the growing populations are usually not sufficient, systems are often stretched to their limit with a tendency to service high and middle income areas.

    The poor are most directly and gravely affected.

    More than 60% of the urban population in Africa leave in periurban areas and informal settlements characterised by inadequate and unreliable Water Supply and Sanitation (WS & S) services.

    These conditions endanger health, and downward trend in the coverage of basic urban services including WS & S. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Afrique, Gestion ressource eau, Eau potable, Approvisionnement eau, Zone urbaine, Prise décision, Planification, Protection, Equipement sanitaire, Recommandation, Protection ressource eau

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Africa, water resource management, drinking water, water supply, urban areas, decision-making, planning, protection

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0085995

    Code Inist : 001E01N03. Création : 31/05/1999.