To estimate the impact of visual impairment in older Australians on the use of community support services.
In the Blue Mountains Eye Study, 3654 people aged 49 or older were examined-82.4% of eligible residents in an area west of Sydney, Australia.
Presenting and best-corrected visual acuities were measured using a LogMAR chart.
Subjects were categorized as having visual impairment if their better eye read 40 or fewer letters (20/40 or worse).
Interview data included marital and other socioeconomic status measures, living status (alone or with spouse or other person), use of community support services, reliance on regular help from nonspouse family members or friends, and perceived ability to go out alone.
After adjusting for age, gender, education, living status, walking disability, and health-related factors, for each one-line (five-letter) decrease in best-corrected visual acuity, there was a corresponding increase in reliance on community support services (odds ratio [OR], 1.17 ; 95% confidence interval, [CI] 1.07-1.28) or combined community and family support (OR 1.22 ; 95% Cl, 1.12-1.32).
Visually impaired persons were three times as likely to use regular support services provided by the municipality (OR 3.1 ; 95% Cl, 1.8-5.1).
A similar increased reliance on regular help from community, nonspouse family members, or friends was found. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble vision, Dépendance, Incapacité, Personne âgée, Homme, Australie, Océanie, Oeil pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vision disorder, Dependence, Disability, Elderly, Human, Australia, Oceania, Eye disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0085992
Code Inist : 002B09K. Création : 31/05/1999.