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  1. Does the face protect the brain ? A case-control study of traumatic brain injury and facial fractures.

    Article - En anglais

    Background 

    The relationship between facial fractures and traumatic brain injury is controversial.

    Some studies show an increased risk of brain injury with the presence of facial fractures while others claim that facial fractures protect against brain injury.

    Objective 

    To examine the association between facial fractures and traumatic brain injuries.

    Design 

    Case-control study.

    Setting 

    Subjects were recruited from the emergency departments of 7 hospitals in the Seattle, Wash, area.

    Patients 

    Three thousand eight hundred forty-nine injured bicyclists and 5 scene deaths were identified from March 1,1992, to August 31. 1994, with complete data available on 3388 bicyclists.

    Interventions 

    None.

    Results 

    The study group was composed of 1602 cases with injuries to the head, face, or brain and 1540 control subjects.

    There were 203 bicyclists with traumatic brain injuries, of whom 62 had an identifiable intracranial injury and 141 suffered a concussion.

    A total of 81 patients sustained facial fractures.

    The odds ratio for the risk of intracranial injury associated with facial fractures after adjustment for significant confounders was 9.9 (95% confidence interval. 5.1-19.3).

    The effect was less strong but still present when all traumatic brain injuries including concussions were considered (odds ratio, 2 ; 95% confidence interval, 1.1-3.7).

    No association was found for concussion only. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Crânioencéphalique, Face, Fracture, Os, Facteur prédictif, Incidence, Indice gravité, Etude statistique, Homme, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Crâne pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Craniocerebral, Face, Fracture, Bone, Predictive factor, Incidence, Severity score, Statistical study, Human, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Skull disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0085882

    Code Inist : 002B16D. Création : 31/05/1999.