Women's strategies to alleviate nutritional stress in a rural African society.
Many agricultural populations are subject to chronic or seasonal undernutrition, reproductive women and children often being most vulnerable.
This paper presents quantitative and qualitative data on food consumption. food distribution practices, food taboos, garden sizes and work effort to show how Lese horticulturalist women living in the Ituri Forest of northeast Democratic Republic of Congo attempt to alleviate nutritional stress The Lese experience an annual hunger season when approximately one quarter of the population suffer from energy deficiency.
Nutritional intake is also compromised by a complex system of food taboos against meat from wild forest animals.
Anthropometric data collected over several years suggest that Lese women suffer from nutritional stress more than men during the hunger season.
They also have more food taboos particularly during pregnancy and lactation.
Their low fertility is compounded by nutritional stress.
Despite these inequities, Lcse women use several strategies to improve their food intake.
Since they are responsible for all household cooking, they manipulate food portions.
During the hunger season, they snack frequently, and increase their consumption of palliative foods.
Women with more food taboos plant larger gardens to supplement their diet with vegetable foods.
Although this results in their consumption of more daily protein, they work harder compared to women with smaller gardens. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Régime alimentaire, Etat nutritionnel, Dénutrition, Comportement, Coping, Stratégie, Homme, Femelle, Zone rurale, Congo Brazzaville, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diet, Nutritional status, Denutrition, Behavior, Coping, Strategy, Human, Female, Rural area, Congo, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0085396
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 31/05/1999.