Reading ability, education, and cognitive status assessment among older adults in Harlem, New York City.
This study examined reported level of education and current reading ability as predictors of cognitive status among older African Americans in central Harlem, New York City.
A probability sample of 164 noninstitutionalized older Afican Americans was assessed.
Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores were regressed on education and reading ability measures.
Reading abillity and educational attainment were significant, independent predictors of MMSE performance.
Within any level of education, subjects whose grade-equivalent reading ability exceeded reported level of education scored significantly higher on the MMSE.
Reading ability may be useful in interpreting the results of cognitive screening among low-educated and minority groups.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Personne âgée, Homme, Noir américain, Etude longitudinale, Ethnie, Cognition, Aptitude verbale, Lecture, Epidémiologie, Niveau étude, Langage
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, North America, America, Elderly, Human, Black American, Follow up study, Ethnic group, Cognition, Verbal ability, Reading, Epidemiology, Education level, Language
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0082801
Code Inist : 002B18E. Création : 31/05/1999.