This investigation determined whethes an in-hume rests lance training program achieved health benefits in older adults with disabilities.
A randomized controlled trial compared the effects of assigning 215 older persons to either a home-based resistance exercise training group or a waiting list control group.
Assessments were conducted at baseline and at 3 and 6 months following randomization.
The program consisted of videotaped exercise routines performed with elastic bands of varying thickness.
High rates of exercise adherence were achieved, with 89% of the recommended exercise sessions performed over 6 months.
Relative to controls, subjects who participated in the program achieved statistically significant lower extremity strength improvements of 6% to 12%, a 20% improvement in tandem gait, and a 15% to 18% reduction in physical and overall disability at the 6-month follow-up.
No adverse health effects were encountered.
These findings provide important evidence that home-based resistance exercise programs designed for older persons with disabilities hold promise as an effective public health strategy.
Mots-clés Pascal : Incapacité, Personne âgée, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Promotion santé, Randomisation, Exercice physique, Essai clinique, A domicile, Programme sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Disability, Elderly, Human, United States, North America, America, Health promotion, Randomization, Physical exercise, Clinical trial, At home, Sanitary program
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0082798
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 31/05/1999.