Prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection in the United States : The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 1976 through 1994.
Data from 2 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES), NHANES II (1976-1980) and NHANES II (1988-1994), were analyzed to examine trends in the prevalence of hepatitis B infection in the United States.
Serum specimens were tested for markers of hepatitis B virus infection, and risk factors were determined from questionnaires.
The overall age-adjusted prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection was 5.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]=4.8,6.2) in NHANES II, as compared with 4.9% (95% CI=4.3,5.6) in NHANES III.
In both surveys, Black participants had the highest prevalence of infection (NHANES II, 15.8% ; NHANES III, 11.9%). No differences in infection were found in the major racial groups between surveys, except for a decrease among those older than 50 years.
Black race, increasing number of lifetime sexual partners, and foreign birth had the strongest independent associations with hepatitis B virus infection.
Testing of participants in 2 national surveys demonstrates no significant decrease in hepatitis B virus infection, despite the availability of hepatitis B vaccine.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Etude longitudinale, Facteur risque, Sérologie, Race, Tendance, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Human, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Follow up study, Risk factor, Serology, Race, Trend, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0082780
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 31/05/1999.