The authors conducted a case-control study in Comunidad Valenciana, Spain, to assess the relation between occupational exposure to pesticides, mainly as a result of agricultural work, and the prevalence of congenital malformations.
A total of 261 cases and 261 controls were selected from those infants born in eight public hospitals during 1993-1994.
The cases were those who were diagnosed with selected defects (nervous system, cardiovascular, oral clefts, hypospadias/epispadias, musculoskeletal, and unspecified anomalies) during their first year of life.
Information on occupational exposures and potential confounding variables was collected from the parents.
For the mothers who were involved in agricultural activities during the month before conception and the first trimester of pregnancy, the adjusted odds ratio was 3.16 (95% confidence interval 1.11-9.01) primarily due to an increased risk for nervous system defects, oral clefts, and multiple anomalies.
Patemal agricultural work did not increase the risk, although fathers who reported ever handling pesticides had an adjusted odds ratio of 1.49 (95% confidence interval 0.94-2.35) mainly related to an increased risk for nervous system and musculoskeletal defects.
Although the power of this study regarding some associations is limited, the results justify further attention to maternal agricultural work and paternal pesticide exposure.
Mots-clés Pascal : Malformation, Maladie congénitale, Espagne, Europe, Homme, Milieu rural, Exposition professionnelle, Pesticide, Agriculture, Etude statistique, Parent, Etude cas témoin, Toxicité, Nouveau né, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malformation, Congenital disease, Spain, Europe, Human, Rural environment, Occupational exposure, Pesticides, Agriculture, Statistical study, Parent, Case control study, Toxicity, Newborn, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0082777
Code Inist : 002B03G. Création : 31/05/1999.