Development of a community-based diabetes and hypertension preventive program.
The purpose of this project was to develop rapport with a Chinese Community Association and then establish preventive diabetic and hypertension programs with the Chinese in Chinatown, Hawaii.
Subjects were recruited from this Chinese Community Association.
Two hundred Chinese responded to the invitation.
Among these, 75 individuals had either Type 2 diabetes, hypertension or both.
Thirty-six males and 39 females ranging in age from 51 years old to 96 years old (Mean=71.76, SD=9.58) participated.
Surveys and educational programs were carried out in Chinese.
Results were described in terms of quantitative measures (family support and health outcomes) and qualitative experiences (case studies).
Eighty percent of participants had decreased their diastolic blood pressure from above 95 mmHg to below 90 mmHg and systolic blood pressure from above 155 mmHg to below 140 mmHg.
Ninety-five (n=71) percent of participants had maintained their glucose level within the 90 mg/dL to 150 mg/dL range with a mean reduction of 57.86 mg/dL in one year.
The hardest thing for families was the glucose self-monitoring.
Case studies suggested that open-minded active listening and persistence formed the basis for developing a culturally sensitive community-based self management program for chronic diseases.
Collaboration among the community, public health nurses, and diabetes nurse educators facilitated the process of community education and health promotion.
Mots-clés Pascal : Diabète non insulinodépendant, Homme, Hawaï, Polynésie, Océanie, Hypertension artérielle, Chinois, Surveillance sanitaire, Méthodologie, Education santé, Programme sanitaire, Prévention, Endocrinopathie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Non insulin dependent diabetes, Human, Hawaii, Polynesia, Oceania, Hypertension, Chinese, Sanitary surveillance, Methodology, Health education, Sanitary program, Prevention, Endocrinopathy, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0082058
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 31/05/1999.