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  1. Effects of an emergency department-based advocacy program for battered women on community resource utilization.

    Article - En anglais

    Study objective 

    The emergency department is often accessed by battered women.

    Although it is recommended that information about community resources be given to women, there is little information regarding how often women use these resources.

    The objective of this study was to determine whether an ED-based advocacy program resulted in increased community resource utilization by battered women.


    The study used a before-after trial design at an urban county hospital ED.

    Before the program, a consecutive sample of 117 women was identified in the ED as having sustained injuries by domestic violence.

    After the program, a consecutive sample of 105 (57% of the 183 asked) who agreed to meet with an advocate in the ED was identified.

    Participants in both groups lived in Kansas City, Missouri, and were 18 years of age or older.

    The outcome measures were the proportion of women with shelter use, shelter-based counseling, police calls, full orders of protection, and repeat ED visits for domestic violence after the index ED visit.


    After the initiation of the program, shelter use increased from 11% to 28% (P=003) and shelter-based counseling increased from 1% to 15% (P<. 001).

    There was no change in repeat police calls (25% versus 35%, P=14), full orders of protection (9% versus 6%, P=58), or repeat ED visits for domestic violence (11% versus 8%, P=63). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Femme maltraitée, Urgence, Service hospitalier, Violence, Programme sanitaire, Protection individuelle, Intervention, Homme, Femelle

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Woman abuse, Emergency, Hospital ward, Violence, Sanitary program, Individual safety equipment, Operation, Human, Female

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0075911

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 31/05/1999.