Mortality of short-term workers in two international cohorts.
The purpose of this study was to compare the pattern of mortality of blue-collar workers employed less and more than I vear in the man-made vitreous fiber (MMVF) and the reinforced plastic industries, the latter group being exposed to styrene.
We conducted an analysis among 21,784 workers with less than I year of employment (short-term workers) and 19,117 workers with I or more years of employment (long-term workers) employed in eight European countries.
We conducted analyses based on external as well as internal comparisons.
In both cohorts, the standardized mortality ratio for all causes among short-term workers was approximately 40% higher, compared with that for longer-term workers.
In internal comparisons, the difference was reduced to 9% in the MMVF cohort and 11% in the styrene cohort.
Worker with less than 1 month of employment displayed an increased mortality m both cohorts and in most countries.
The increased mortality among short-term workers was not concentraled shortly after they quit employment.
In both cohorts, short-term workers had a higher mortality from external causes, while little difference was seen in mortality from ischemic heart disease and malignant neoplasms. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Plastique renforcé, Styrène, Industrie, Fibre verre, Homme, Etude cohorte, Europe, Mortalité, Durée travail, Court terme, Long terme, Toxicité, Comparaison interindividuelle, Etiologie, Analyse statistique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Reinforced plastics, Styrene, Industry, Glass fiber, Human, Cohort study, Europe, Mortality, Work period, Short term, Long term, Toxicity, Interindividual comparison, Etiology, Statistical analysis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0075566
Code Inist : 002B03L06. Création : 31/05/1999.