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  1. Race-specific cancer mortality in US firefighters : 1984-1993.

    Article - En anglais

    A mortality odds ratio (MOR) study of race-specific cancer risk among firefighters was conducted using 1984-1993 death certificate data from 24 states.

    The Bureau of the Census Index of Industries and Occupations was used to code occupation on death certificates.

    The overall cancer mortality was slightly elevated among white firefighters (MOR=1.1 ; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.1-1.2), but the increase in overall cancer mortality among black firefighters was not significant (MOR=1.2 ; 95% CI=0.9-1.5).

    Only prostate cancer risk was elevated in both groups (whites : MOR=1.2 ; 95% CI=1.0-1.3 ; blacks : MOR=1.9 ; 95% CI=1.2-3.2).

    Among white firefighters, elevated site-specific cancer mortality risks were found for the following cancer sites : lip (MOR=5.9 ; 95% CI=1.9-18.3), pancreas (MOR=1.2 ; 95% CI=1.0-1.5), soft tissue sarcoma (MOR=1.6 ; 95% Cl=1.0-2.7), melanoma (MOR=1. 4 ; 95% CI=1.0-1.9), kidney and renal pelvis (MOR=1.3 ; 95% CI=1.0-1.7), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (MOR=1. 95%% CI=1.1-1. 7), and Hodgkin's disease (MOR=2. 4 ; 95% CI=1.4-4.1).

    We also observed a slightly elevated risk for bronchus and lung cancer (MOR=1.1 ; 95% CI=1.0-1.2).

    Among black firefighters, excess risks were found for cancers of the brain and central nervous system (MOR=6.9 ; 95% CI=3.0-16.0), colon (MOR=2.1,95% CI=1.1-4.0), and nasopharynx (MOR=7.6,95% CI=1.3-46.4). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Médecine travail, Pompier, Mortalité, Tumeur maligne, Recherche rétrospective, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Certificat décès, Comparaison interindividuelle, Race, Facteur risque, Exposition professionnelle, Carcinogène, Organe

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational medicine, Firefighter, Mortality, Malignant tumor, Retrospective searching, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Death certificate, Interindividual comparison, Race, Risk factor, Occupational exposure, Carcinogen, Organ

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0075238

    Code Inist : 002B04B. Création : 31/05/1999.