A STD/HIV prevention trial among adolescents in managed care.
To determine if sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, risk assessment, and education tools provided as part of office-based primary care reduce adolescent risky sexual behaviors.
A randomized intervention trial with 3-and 9-month follow-up.
Five staff-model managed care sites in Washington, DC (n=19 pediatricians).
Consecutive 12-to 15-year-olds receiving a general health examination ; 81% minority.
Participation rate=215/432 (50%). Nine-month follow-up rate=197/215 (92%). Intervention.
Audiotaped STD risk assessment and education about staying safe (safer=condoms, safest=abstinence).
Main Outcome Measures
Adolescent-reported sexual intercourse and condom use.
More intervention adolescents reported pediatrician discussion on 11/13 sexual topics.
Although more vaginal intercourse (odds ratio [OR]=2.46,95% confidence interval [CI]=1.04-5.84) was reported in the intervention group at 3 months, this was not true of overall sexual intercourse (OR=1.55,95% CI=73-3.32).
More sexually active adolescents reported condom use in the intervention group at 3 months (OR=18.05,95% CI=1.27-256.03).
At 9 months, there were no group differences in sexual behaviors ; however, more signs of STD were reported by the control (7/103) than the intervention group (0/94). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Prévention, Education, Etude longitudinale, Adolescent, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Sexually transmitted disease, Prevention, Education, Follow up study, Adolescent, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0075022
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 31/05/1999.