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  1. Prevalence of positive urinary dipstick analysis (leucocyte esterase, nitrite, haemoglobin, or glucose) in a population of 3645 adult subjects : Consequence for measurement of urinary albumin excretion rate.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives

    To assess prevalence of positive urinary dipstick analysis for leucocyte esterase, nitrite, haemoglobin, or glucose in the general population and measure the urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER) in subjects with or without a positive dipstick analysis.

    Design

    A cross-sectional study of 3645 subjects.

    Setting.

    An unselected urban population study.

    Main outcome measures.

    Prevalence data of positive dipstick analyses and UAER values.

    Results

    Prevalence data of a positive dipstick analysis were 12%, 4%, 3% and 6%, respectively, for leucocyte esterase, nitrite, haemoglobin, and glucose.

    Subjects with any positive dipstick analysis had significantly higher UAER than subjects with a negative analysis : 4.9 (4.4-5.3) (geometric mean (95% confidence interval)) vs 3.0 (2.9-3.1) mg 24 h-1 (p<0.001).

    Conclusions

    Prevalence data of positive urinary dipstick analyses in a large population based study are provided.

    Subjects with any positive finding had higher UAER than controls.

    Exclusion of subjects with a positive finding is recommended in studies of UAER as a cardiovascular risk factor in non-diabetic subjects.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Hémoglobinurie, Glycosurie, Excrétion, Urine, Nitrite, Mesure, Albumine, Bandelette réactive, Association morbide, Epidémiologie, Homme, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Rein pathologie, Néphropathie glomérulaire, Voie urinaire pathologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hemoglobinuria, Glycosuria, Excretion, Urine, Nitrites, Measurement, Albumin, Reagent strip, Concomitant disease, Epidemiology, Human, Urinary system disease, Kidney disease, Glomerulonephritis, Urinary tract disease, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0074370

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 31/05/1999.