Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) is a major clinical and public health problem in Kuwait.
The objective of the study was to determine prevalence rates of NIDDM among a representative sample of the Kuwaiti adult population aged 20 and older in two out of five governorates and identify the associated risk factors for the disease.
A total of 3003 subjects (1105 men and 1898 women) were interviewed and examined by the research team during the period September 1995 to June 1996.
A specially designed questionnaire was completed and the physical examination included height, weight and blood pressure measurements.
Fasting blood samples were withdrawn, centrifuged immediately and refrigerated.
Interpretation of oral glucose tolerance tests were based on the World Health Organisation diagnostic criteria for diabetes mellitus (1985).
The denominator used for computing the prevalence was obtained from the 1995 Kuwait census.
The overall prevalence of NIDDM in this study was found to be 14.8% (14.7% in men, 14.8% in women).
Diabetic subjects presented at a relatively young age, prevalence rate in the age group 20-39 was 5.7% (95% confidence interval, 4.4-7.0) and in the age group 40-59 was 18.3% (95% confidence interval, 16.1-20.6).
Obesity was found to be a significant risk factor, P<0.001.
The strong association of family history of NIDDM (adjusted odds ratio=1.80, P<0.001) suggests a genetic component.
Hypertension was markedly associated with NIDDM and IGT (P<0. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Diabète non insulinodépendant, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Age, Obésité, Histoire familiale, Hypertension artérielle, Association, Koweit, Asie, Adulte, Homme, Personne âgée, Etat nutritionnel, Endocrinopathie, Trouble nutrition, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Non insulin dependent diabetes, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Risk factor, Age, Obesity, Family story, Hypertension, Association, Kuwait, Asia, Adult, Human, Elderly, Nutritional status, Endocrinopathy, Nutrition disorder, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0073667
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 31/05/1999.