This study was done to analyse the dietary profile of urban south Indian adults.
It was also aimed to study, if the dietary profile influenced the glycaemic and anthropometric data.
Dietary details were collected in a representative urban sample of 900 study subjects in the epidemiological survey for diabetes conducted in 1995 in the city of Madras.
The details were collected by a 24-h recall method.
All the dietary factors were similar in the non-diabetic (NGT) and newly diagnosed diabetic cases, but the values were lower in known diabetic cases due to dietary modifications (P<0.001 for all compared to NGT and new diabetic cases).
For further analysis, known diabetic cases were deleted and the rest were combined as one group.
Men consumed higher calories (2066 ± 437, range 1028-3662 kcal) than women (1745 ± 343, range 870-3260 kcal) (P<0.01).
Older persons consumed lower calories and percentages of the proximate principles in diet were proportionately lower.
Higher calorie consumption was due to consumption of higher quantities of food and not any specific dietary factor.
BMI, WHR, plasma glucose, serum cholesterol and triglycerides were not significantly influenced by the total calorie consumption.
Calorie consumption was higher in persons engaged in strenuous physical activity.
Total calories and proportionately the proximate principles of diet were less in the high income group. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Diabète, Etude comparative, Epidémiologie, Consommation alimentaire, Analyse qualitative, Analyse quantitative, Habitude alimentaire, Développement maladie, Anthropométrie, Exercice physique, Inde, Asie, Adulte, Homme, Endocrinopathie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diabetes mellitus, Comparative study, Epidemiology, Food intake, Qualitative analysis, Quantitative analysis, Food habit, Disease development, Anthropometry, Physical exercise, India, Asia, Adult, Human, Endocrinopathy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0073662
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 31/05/1999.