Context. - Concern about transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis on college campuses has prompted some schools to institute tuberculin skin test screening of students, but this screening has never been evaluated.
- To describe tuberculin skin test screening practices and results of screening in colleges and universities in the United States.
- Self-administered mail and telephone questionnaire in November and December 1995 to a stratified random sample of US 2-year and 4-year colleges and universities.
- Type of tuberculin screening required ; types of schools requiring screening ; number and rate of students with positive skin test results and/or diagnosed as having tuberculosis.
- Of the 3148 US colleges and universities, 624 (78%) of 796 schools surveyed responded.
Overall, 378 schools (61%) required tuberculin screening ; it was required for all new students (US residents and international students) in 161 (26%) of 624 schools, all new international students but not new US residents in 53 (8%), and students in specific academic programs in 294 (47%). Required screening was more likely in 4-year vs 2-year schools, schools that belonged to the American College Health Association vs nonmember schools, schools with immunization requirements vs schools without, and schools with a student health clinic vs those without (P<. 001 for all). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tuberculose, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection, Dépistage, Université, Etudiant, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Test cutané, Questionnaire, Evaluation, Prévalence, Etude statistique, Randomisation, Population, Risque élevé, Intradermoréaction, Adolescent, Homme, Adulte jeune
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tuberculosis, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Medical screening, University, Student, United States, North America, America, Skin test, Questionnaire, Evaluation, Prevalence, Statistical study, Randomization, Population, High risk, Intradermal reaction, Adolescent, Human, Young adult
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0070836
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 31/05/1999.