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  1. Risk assessment to improve targeting of HIV counseling and testing services for STD clinic patients.

    Article - En anglais

    Background and Objective 

    To determine whether self-administered risk assessment could improve targeting of HIV counseling and testing in an STD clinic.

    Study Design 

    Computerized records from the Prince George's County, Maryland, STD clinic from 1993 through 1996 were used to develop and test models for predicting a positive HIV test.

    In 1996, a self-administered risk assessment was compared with a counselor's risk assessment of the same patient.

    Results 

    Testing the 10% of patients at highest risk would identify 39% of those who were HIV-positive ; testing 70% of the patients could identify 92% of those who were HIV-positive.

    In 1996,2,288 patients completed the self-administered HIV risk assessment.

    The same number of HIV-positive persons (7 [28% ]) were identified using either self-assessment or face-to-face interview.

    Conclusions 

    Selectively offering voluntary HIV testing based on risk assessment would not be useful because it would miss many infected persons.

    If prevention counseling cannot be offered to everyone, it could be targeted to those who report a risk by self-assessment.

    Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Evaluation, Facteur risque, Education santé, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Valeur prédictive, Epidémiologie, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Evaluation, Risk factor, Health education, United States, North America, America, Human, Predictive value, Epidemiology, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0069245

    Code Inist : 002B05A03. Création : 31/05/1999.