Cohort study of art glass workers in Tuscany, Italy : mortality from non-malignant diseases.
This investigation studies cause-specific mortality of art glass workers employed in 17 industrial facilities in Tuscany, Italy.
A cohort of 3,390 workers employed for at least 1 year was enumerated from company payrolls.
Follow-up was between the start of employment in each factory and 31 December 1993.
The cause-specific expected mortality was computed relative to Tuscany rates and specified for gender, 5-year age groups and calendar year.
Separate analyses were carried out for the jobs of makers and formers and for batch mixers.
Among males (3,180 individuals) observed mortality for non-cancer causes was higher than expected for hypertensive disease [standardized mortality ratio (SMR)=178,90% confidence interval (90% Cl)=96-301], pneumoconiosis (SMR=200,90% Cl=94-376) and diseases of the genitourinary system (SMR=169,90% Cl=95-279).
Increases for the above causes were shown also among makers and formers : hypertensive disease (SMR=182,90% Cl=85-341), pneumoconiosis (SMR=250,90% Cl=109-493) and diseases of the genitourinary system (SMR=224,90% Cl=121-380).
For batch mixers an increase was present for cerebrovascular disease.
The observed mortality for cancer causes was above the expected for cancers of the larynx, lung, stomach and brain.
This study points to the existence for Tuscan glass workers of health effects in additicn to cancer ; previously observed carcinogenic effects were also confirmed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Industrie verre, Arsenic, Poussière, Toxicité, Mortalité, Etude cohorte, Homme, Etiologie, Epidémiologie, Italie, Europe, Etude longitudinale, Comparaison interindividuelle, Profession
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Glass industry, Arsenic, Dust, Toxicity, Mortality, Cohort study, Human, Etiology, Epidemiology, Italy, Europe, Follow up study, Interindividual comparison, Profession
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0068455
Code Inist : 002B03L03. Création : 31/05/1999.