This study examined barriers and biases in the medical education experience by surveying fourth-year medical students.
There were 270 female and 288 male respondents ; their racial background was : 21% Asian, 13% underrepresented minorities, and 66% white.
Women reported that the careers they were encouraged to pursue were affected by their gender (44% versus 15%) and they were often mistaken for a nonphysician (92% versus 3%). More importantly, women reported that the lack of a mentor of either gender as a large barrier (27% versus 19%). Underrepresented minorities reported that their race caused them to feel that they had to be twice as good to be treated as an equal to other students (52% versus 6%). Underrepresented minorities identified the lack of a same-race mentor (23% versus 4%) and role model (40% versus 1%) as a large barrier.
Underrepresented minorities also noted an overall lack of mentors as a large barrier (25% versus 19%). Women and underrepresented minorities from the class of 1996 reported having a medical school experience characterized by similar barriers to their professional development.
Mots-clés Pascal : Enseignement universitaire, Médecine, Enquête par correspondance, Barrière communication, Estimation biaisée, Facteur risque, Ethnie, Sexe, Expérience professionnelle, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Enseignement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Higher education, Medicine, Mail inquiry, Communication barrier, Biased estimation, Risk factor, Ethnic group, Sex, Professional experience, Human, United States, North America, America, Teaching
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0064539
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 31/05/1999.