The impact on human health of Salmonella spp. on pork in The Netherlands is described.
Subsequently, the effects of some currently proposed control strategies in the Dutch pork production chain are evaluated and quantified with the aid of a simple mathematical model.
The estimated average incidence of cases of salmonellosis in the Netherlands is about 450 cases per 100,000 person years at risk (pyar).
Some special risk groups for which the risks could be quantified are (1) persons with underlying diseases, such as neoplasms or diabetes mellitus (1200 cases/100,000 pyar) ; (2) persons with achlorhydria or who excessively use antacids (1100 cases/100,000 pyar) ; (3) persons who have recently been treated with antibiotics that disturb the normal gut flora (1700 cases/100,000 pyar) ; (4) nurses (900 cases/100,000 pyar) ; (5) caterers (900 cases/100,000 pyar) ; (6) slaughterline personnel (1800 cases/100,000 pyar).
Furthermore, it is estimated that 15% (5-25%) of all cases of salmonellosis in The Netherlands are associated with the consumption of pork.
Currently, proposed control measures regarding Salmonella in pigs and on pork in The Netherlands are codes of good manufacturing practices (GMP) that, in fact, formalize recommendations that can be found in many handbooks about pig breeding and pig slaughtering. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Pays Bas, Europe, Viande porc, Contamination biologique, Salmonella, Enterobacteriaceae, Bactérie, Santé, Homme, Salmonellose, Bactériose, Infection, Produit carné
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Netherlands, Europe, Pork, Biological contamination, Salmonella, Enterobacteriaceae, Bacteria, Health, Human, Salmonellosis, Bacteriosis, Infection, Meat product
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0064495
Code Inist : 002A35B05. Création : 31/05/1999.