Socioeconomic differences in health indices, social networks and mortality among Swedish men. A study of men born in 1933.
In a previous survey we found large socioeconomic differences in mortality among urban Swedish men which remained unexplained after controlling for smoking and standard coronary risk factors.
The present analysis was undertaken in order to investigate a broader set of possible explanatory factors in another cohort of Swedish men.
Study population and methods
Occupation was coded into five occupational classes for 717 of 776 participant men from a random population sample of 1016 men who were born in 1933.
All were living in Göteborg and were 50 years old at the baseline examination.
After 12 years'follow-up, 68 of the 717 men had died (9.5%). Results : Low occupational class was associated with a higher prevalence of smoking at baseline, but no association was found with systolic blood pressure, body mass index, waist to hip ratio, serum triglycerides or serum cholesterol.
Subjects from higher socioeconomic strata were taller, had higher maximum peak respiratory flow, lower plasma fibrinogen and lower body temperature.
Low occupational class was associated with low social integration, low home activity levels, low levels of activity outside home and low social activity levels (p=0.001 for all) and with low emotional support (p=0.018).
There were also associations between low occupational class and poor self-perceived health, as well as with several cardiovascular symptoms. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Statut socioéconomique, Mortalité, Facteur risque, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Classe sociale, Support social, Zone urbaine, Réseau social, Homme, Mâle, Suédois
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Socioeconomic status, Mortality, Risk factor, Cardiovascular disease, Social class, Social support, Urban area, Social network, Human, Male, Swedish
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0063009
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 31/05/1999.