Cross cultural differences in subjective physical and psychological health problems reported on the Cornell Medical Index (CMI) Thai and Japanese versions were conducted among Thai and Japanese female first year class nursing students from two nursing colleges.
All of the Thai (114) and 96.2% (102) of the Japanese subjects self-administered the CMI.
The internal consistency reliability of each CMI was acceptable.
Mean ages ofthe Thai and the Japanese subjects were 19.3 (SD=0.8) and 18.4 (SD=0.5) years respectively, which was not significantly different.
Mean CMI for the physical, psychological and overall health complaints of the Thai subjects were 29.8 (SD=13.5), 14.5 (SD=8.0), and 41.3 (SD=19.3) respectively, and those for the Japanese subjects were 15.7 (SD=11.8), 7.3 (SD=6.1), and 23.1 (SD=15.9) respectively, which were significantly different.
Findings indicate that the Thai nursing students have more health problems than the Japanese subjects.
These mostly concerned respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive, musculoskeletal, nervous, genitourinary systems, fatigability, frequency of illnesses, miscellaneous diseases, mood and feeling patterns, sensitivity, anger and tension.
The only one section that the Japanese reported significantly higher health problems than the Thai subjects concerned daily living habits pertaining to questions concerning such matters as drinking, smoking, exercise, sleeping and rest. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Personnel sanitaire, Medical Index Cornell, Santé, Psychologie, Questionnaire, Evaluation subjective, Etude comparative, Japonais, Etudiant, Infirmier, Etude transculturelle, Adulte jeune, Homme, Médecine tropicale, Thaïlandais
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health staff, Medical Index Cornell, Health, Psychology, Questionnaire, Subjective evaluation, Comparative study, Japanese, Student, Nurse, Crosscultural study, Young adult, Human, Tropical medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0062240
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 31/05/1999.