The aim of this study was to investigate the intra-urban variation of antibiotic utilization in children in Malmö and to evaluate the influence of socio-economic factors on this variation.
In an ecological analysis, the variations in antibiotic utilization in children, expressed as defined daily dose (DDD) or as the number of prescriptions per 1000 inhabitants per day, were compared with variations in socio-economic and demographic factors in the 17 administrative districts of the Swedish city of Malmö (235 000 inhabitants).
There were large between-area differences in antibiotic utilization, especially in children aged 0-6 years.
Socio-economic factors reflecting a privileged situation correlated positively with antibiotic utilization.
Thus, in districts with a high median family income and a high employment rate, the utilization of antibiotics was higher than in other districts.
Conversely, in districts with a high proportion of blue-collar workers, people with foreign backgrounds and recipients of social benefit, antibiotic utilization was comparatively low.
In contrast, the utilization of penicillin V relative to other antibiotics showed an opposite pattern. including positive correlations with the proportion of social benefit, immigrants and blue-collar workers and a negative correlation with employment rate. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Antibiotique, Antibactérien, Consommation, Comparaison interindividuelle, Homme, Enfant, Population urbaine, Impact socioéconomique, Catégorie socioprofessionnelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Antibiotic, Antibacterial agent, Consumption, Interindividual comparison, Human, Child, Urban population, Socioeconomic impact, Socioeconomic category
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0059806
Code Inist : 002B02S01. Création : 31/05/1999.