Objectives The association between job strain and ambulatory blood pressure was studied among female white-collar workers.
Methods This cross-sectional investigation studied 210 women in high-or low-strain jobs randomly selected from 3183 women of all ages, employed as white-collar workers.
The women wore an ambulatory blood pressure monitor for 24 hours during a workday.
Mean blood pressures were calculated.
Psychological demands and decisional latitude were measured twice (14 months before and 7 days before the blood pressure measurement) with 2 scales recommended by Karasek.
Results Significant differences in blood pressure were found according to current job strain among the women holding a university degree.
Their mean blood pressures during work were significantly higher [8.0 mm Hg (1. 1 kPa) systolic and 6.4 mm Hg (0.8 kPa) diastolic blood pressure] in the high-strain group than in the low-strain group.
Statistically significant elevations in blood pressure over the 24-hour period were also found for women with a university degree.
Cumulative exposure to high strain over 14 months was also significantly associated with high systolic blood pressure at work, in the evening, and over a 24-hour period irrespective of other factors related to blood pressure.
Among the women without a university degree, the blood pressure differences observed between the job strain groups were less than I mm Hg (0.1 1 kPa) and not statistically significant. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Psychologie travail, Stress, Pression sanguine, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Femelle, Bureau, Niveau étude, Responsabilité professionnelle, Corrélation, Etude cohorte
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Occupational psychology, Stress, Blood pressure, Cardiovascular disease, Risk factor, Human, Female, Office, Education level, Occupational responsibility, Correlation, Cohort study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0059314
Code Inist : 002A26L09. Création : 31/05/1999.