The validity of the Swedish SF-36 Health Survey was examined, replicating techniques used in the U.S. validation.
Principal components analysis was used to test the internal structure of the eight SF-36 scales in relation to hypothesized associations with the two major dimensions of health-physical and mental.
Hypothesized relationships between scales and external criteria were also examined by means of clinical group contrasts.
Both the principal components analysis and clinical group contrasts largely replicated U.S. findings, which supported the cross-cultural stability of the SF-36 in Sweden.
As expected, the Physical Functioning and Mental Health scales were most sensitive to clinical manifestations of medical and mental health, respectively.
The General Health scale was associated more with physical than mental health.
However, the Social Functioning scale and particularly the Vitality scale were more related to mental health in Sweden than in the corresponding U.S. study.
Cultural differences and variation in study samples and selection criteria were suggested as possible explanatory factors for these differences.
Mots-clés Pascal : Qualité vie, Santé, Echelle évaluation, Questionnaire, Psychométrie, Evaluation, Validité, Méthodologie, Personne âgée, Homme, Femme, Suède, Europe, Aspect culturel, Santé physique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Quality of life, Health, Evaluation scale, Questionnaire, Psychometrics, Evaluation, Validity, Methodology, Elderly, Human, Woman, Sweden, Europe, Cultural aspect
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0058716
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 31/05/1999.