Rasch models for polytomous items were used to assess the scaling assumptions and compare item response patterns in the 10-item SF-36 physical functioning scale (PF-10) for general population respondents in Denmark, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
The Rasch model of physical functioning developed in the United States was compared to models for other countries, and each country was compared to a multinational composite.
Strong scale congruence across the seven countries was demonstrated ; items that varied between countries and from the composite may reflect unique cultural response patterns or differences in translation.
Scoring algorithms based on the Rasch model for each country were superior to the current Likert scoring in tests of relative validity (RV) in discriminating among age groups in all countries.
In relation to the Likert PF-10 scoring (RV=1.00), scores estimated using the Rasch rating scale model achieve a median RV of 1.31 (range : 1.01-1.59), while the Rasch partial credit model attained a median RV of 1.44 (range : 1.01-2.23).
Rasch models hold good potential for improving health status measures, estimating individual scores when responses to scale items are missing, and equating scores across countries.
Mots-clés Pascal : Qualité vie, Santé, Capacité fonctionnelle, Questionnaire, Echelle évaluation, Réponse, Traduction, Langue étrangère, Evaluation, Méthodologie, Validité, Homme, Etude comparative, Etude multicentrique, Europe, Santé physique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Quality of life, Health, Functional capacity, Questionnaire, Evaluation scale, Response, Translating, Foreign language, Evaluation, Methodology, Validity, Human, Comparative study, Multicenter study, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0058473
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 31/05/1999.