Does living near a constellation of petrochemical, steel, and other industries impair health ?
Objectives-To investigate concern that local industrial air pollution in Teesside, England, was causing poor health, several areas there were compared with parts of the City of Sunderland.
Methods-Populations in similar social and economic circumstances but varying in their proximity to major industries were compared.
Study populations lived in 27 housing estates in Teesside and Sunderland, north east England, with some data from subsets of estates.
The estates were aggregated into zones (designated as A, B, and C in Teesside where A is closest to and C furthest from industry, and S in Sunderland).
Zone S provided a reference area.
The hypothesis was that a health gradient both within Teesside (A>B>C) and between Teesside and Sunderland (ABC>S) would indicate a possible health effect of local industrial air pollution.
Data presented were
Mortality (1981-91) from 27 housing estates ; population self completion questionnaire survey data (1993,9115 subjects) from 15 housing estates ; and general practitioner (GP) consultation data (1989-94) from 2201 subjects in 12 Teesside estates.
The populations in the four zones were comparable for indicators including smoking habits, residential histories, and unemployment.
All cause and cause specific mortalities were high compared with England and Wales.
Mortality in all Teesside zones (ABC) combined was mostly higher than in zone S. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Exposition, Pollution air, Environnement, Zone industrielle, Etude cohorte, Mortalité, Morbidité, Epidémiologie, Royaume Uni, Europe, Comparaison interindividuelle, Age, Sexe, Toxicité, Facteur risque, Appareil respiratoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Exposure, Air pollution, Environment, Industrial area, Cohort study, Mortality, Morbidity, Epidemiology, United Kingdom, Europe, Interindividual comparison, Age, Sex, Toxicity, Risk factor, Respiratory disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0058036
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 31/05/1999.