The accident process preceding overexertion back injuries in nursing personnel.
Objectives This prospective dynamic-population-based study investigated factors involved in the accident process preceding overexertion back injuries among nursing personnel.
Methods The study covered all reported occupational overexertion back injuries due to accidents among of the approximately 24 500 nurses in the Stockholm County hospitals during 1 year.
It was assumed that several factors interact in the accident process.
Detailed information was obtained for each injury by interviews with the injured nurse and head nurse.
Risks in the physical environment were identified using an ergonomic checklist.
Results During the study 136 overexertion back injuries were reported.
Of the 130 nurses participating in the study, 125 had been injured in connection with patient work.
Cluster analysis yielded 6 clusters and their pattern of contributing factors.
The most frequent injury occurred during patient transfer in the bed or to or from the bed, without the use of transfer devices, when the patient suddenly lost his or her balance or resisted during the transfer and the nurse had to make a sudden movement.
However, there were physical conditions, such as shortcomings in the physical work environment or a lack of a transfer device, that compelled the nurses to perform the tasks under unsafe conditions. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Accident travail, Médecine travail, Infirmier, Dorsalgie, Homme, Epidémiologie, Suède, Europe, Facteur risque, Condition travail, Analyse amas, Lieu travail, Organisation travail, Ergonomie, Analyse statistique, Rachis dorsal, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie, Rachialgie, Charge physique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational accident, Occupational medicine, Nurse, Dorsalgia, Human, Epidemiology, Sweden, Europe, Risk factor, Working condition, Cluster analysis, Work place, Job engineering, Ergonomics, Statistical analysis, Dorsal spine, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease, Rachialgia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0057771
Code Inist : 002B15F. Création : 31/05/1999.