Nordic Conference on the Work Environment and Health (NCWEH). Rebild Bakker, DNK, 1997/09/01.
Objectives This study assessed work postures, movements, psychosocial job demands, and shoulder and wrist extensor muscle activity and registered the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms of computer-aided design (CAD) operators.
Methods A questionnaire survey was used to study the use of the computer mouse, psychosocial work factors, and musculoskeletal symptoms among 149 CAD operators.
A workplace study was performed using observations, electrogoniometers on the wrists, and electromyography to measure exposures and physiological responses during CAD work among a subgroup of the CAD operators.
Results Musculoskeletal symptoms were far more prevalent for the arm or hand operating the mouse than for the other arm or hand, and women were more affected than men.
The symptoms may be related to such risk factors as repetitive movements, static postures (eg, ulnar-deviated and extended wrist on the mouse side), and static muscular activation patterns.
The risk factors were present due to continuous mouse use and possibly also due to high demands for mental attentiveness, precision, and information processing.
Conclusions Exposure during work with a computer mouse may present a risk for developing musculoskeletal symptoms.
Improvements should focus on introducing more variation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Conception assistée, Ingénierie, Homme, Condition travail, Facteur risque, Posture, Prévalence, Questionnaire, Ordinateur, Lieu travail, Rythme travail, Ergonomie, Facteur psychosocial, Système musculosquelettique pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Computer aided design, Engineering, Human, Working condition, Risk factor, Posture, Prevalence, Questionnaire, Computer, Work place, Working rhythm, Ergonomics, Musculoskeletal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0056814
Code Inist : 002B30B02A. Création : 31/05/1999.