Medicinal plants are an important element of indigenous medical systems in Mexico.
These resources are usually regarded as part of a culture's traditional knowledge.
This study examines the use of medicinal plants in four indigenous groups of Mexican Indians, Maya.
Nahua, Zapotec and for comparative purposes Mixe.
With the first three the methodology was similar, making a direct comparison of the results possible.
In these studies, the relative importance of a medicinal plant within a culture is documented using a quantitative method.
For the analysis the uses were grouped into 9 10 categories of indigenous uses.
This report compares these data and uses the concept of informant consensus originally developed by Trotter and Logan for analysis.
This indicates how homogenous the ethnobotanical information is.
Generally the factor is high for gastrointestinal illnesses and for cultur bound syndromes.
While the species used by the 3 indigenous groups vary, the data indicate that there exist well-defined criteria specific for each culture which lead to the selection of a plant as a medicine A large number of species are used for gastrointestinal illnesses by two or more of the indigenous groups.
At least in this case, the multiple transfer of species and their uses within Mexico seems to he an important reason for the widespread use of a species.
Medicinal plants in other categories (e.g. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Plante médicinale, Médecine traditionnelle, Etude transculturelle, Milieu culturel, Amérindien, Mexique, Amérique Centrale, Amérique, Ethnie, Homme, Ethnologie, Utilisation, Indication, Ethnobotanique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Medicinal plant, Folk medicine, Crosscultural study, Cultural environment, Amerindian, Mexico, Central America, America, Ethnic group, Human, Ethnology, Use, Indication, Ethnobotany
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0051716
Code Inist : 002B02A04. Création : 31/05/1999.