Social roles and gender difference in the prevalence of common mental disorders.
Background It is not known why the most common mental disorders, anxiety and depression, are more prevalent among women than men.
The aim was to test the hypothesis that this gender difference could be explained by differences between men and women in social role occupancy, after adjusting for age and socio-economic status.
Method Across-sectiona survey of 8979 adults aged 16-74 years living in private households in England, Wales and Scotland was carried out.
Prevalence of common mental disorders was assessed using the General Health Questionnaire.
Results The gender difference in the prevalence ofthe common mental disorders (unlike social role occupancy) did not vary with age to a statistically significant degree (unadjusted odds ratio 1.35,95% CI 1.23-1.48) (P<0.0001).
Although those of either gender occupying the fewest, and women occupying the most social roles (after adjusting for age) had the highest prevalence of common mental disorders, neither number of social roles, occupancy oftraditional'female'caring and domestic roles, nor socio-economic status explained the gender difference in these conditions (adjusted OR 1.26,95% Cl. 1.14-1.41) (P<0.001).
Conclusions The gender difference in the prevalence ofthe common mental disorders is not explained by differences between men and women in the number or type of social roles occupied.
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Trouble psychiatrique, Rôle social, Sexe, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Ecosse, Pays de Galles, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental disorder, Social role, Sex, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Scotland, Wales, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0051053
Code Inist : 002B18C14. Création : 31/05/1999.