Suicide and recency of health care contacts : A systematic review.
Background Many countries have set targets for suicide reduction, and suggested that mental health care providers and general practitioners have a key role to play.
Method A systematic review ofthe literature.
Results Among those in the general population who commit suicide, up to 41% may have contact with psychiatric inpatient care in the year prior to death and up to 9% may commit suicide within one day of discharge.
The corresponding figures are II and 4% for community-based psychiatric care and 83 and 20% for general practitioners.
Conclusions Among those who die by suicide, contact with health services is common before death.
This is a necessary but not sufficient condition for clinicians to intervene.
More work is needed to determine whether these people show characteristic patterns ofcare and/or particular risk factors which would enable a targeted approach to be developed to assist clinicians in detecting and managing high-risk patients.
Mots-clés Pascal : Suicide, Utilisation, Service santé, Santé mentale, Soin santé primaire, Article synthèse, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Suicide, Use, Health service, Mental health, Primary health care, Review, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0051045
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 31/05/1999.