Claims incidence of work-related disorders of the upper extremities : Washington State, 1987 through 1995.
This study examined the claim incidence rate, cost, and industry distribution of work-related upper extremity disorders in Washington.
Washington State Fund workers'compensation claims from 1987 to 1995 were abstracted and categorized into general and specific disorders of gradual or sudden onset.
Accepted claims included 100 449 for hand/wrist disorders (incidence rate : 98.2/10000 full-time equivalents ; carpal tunnel syndrome rate : 27.3), 30 468 for elbow disorders (incidence rate : 29.7 ; epicondylitis rate : 11.7), and 55315 for shoulder disorders (incidence rate : 54.0 ; rotator cuff syndrome rate : 19.9).
Average direct workers'compensation claims costs (medical treatment and indemnity) were $15 790 (median : $6774) for rotator cuff syndrome, $12 794 for carpal tunnel syndrome (median : $4190), and $6593 for epicondylitis (median : $534).
Construction and food processing were among the industries with the highest rate ratios for all disorders (>4.0).
Upper extremity disorders represent a large and costly problem in Washington State industry.
Industries characterized by manual handling and repetitive work have high rate ratios.
The contingent workforce appears to be at high risk.
Mots-clés Pascal : Activité professionnelle, Industrie, Membre supérieur, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Facteur risque, Homme, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Professional activity, Industry, Upper limb, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Epidemiology, Incidence, Risk factor, Human, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0051016
Code Inist : 002B15I. Création : 31/05/1999.