The prevalence of type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes mellitus in an inner city multi-ethnic population.
Zeeburg'a multiethnic town borough in the Amsterdam-East region. has one of the city's highest rates of immigrants.
In the total population of 19.825 Surinam (mainly Creole).
Moroccan, and Dutch adults the prevalence of known type 2 diabetes in 1994 and of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) between January 1992 and January 1997 was investigated.
Based on World Health Organization (WHO) criteria of 1985, the age-standardized prevalence of type 2 diabetes was similar in men (6.4% ; 95% confidence interval [CI] : 5.6-7.2) and women (6.4% ; 95% Cl : 5.8-7.0) for all ethnic groups combined.
However, the age-and sex-standardized prevalence of type 2 diabetes was significantly greater in the non-Dutch inhabitants than in the Dutch inhabitants (17.3% [95% Cl : 12.9-21.6] in Surinam inhabitants. 10.9% [95% Cl : 9.7-12.2] in Turkish inhabitants, 12.4% [95% CI : 9.7-15.0] in Moroccan inhabitants, and 3.6% [95% CI : 3.2-3.9] in Dutch inhabitants).
The odds ratios for type 2 diabetes for the separate immigrant groups relative to the Dutch group were 5.88 (95% Cl : 4.54-7.69) for Surinam inhabitants, 4.00 (95% Cl : 2.86-5.55) for Turkish inhabitants, and 4.17 (95% Cl : 3.03-5.55) for Moroccan inhabitants.
GDM was present in 2.59% of women of non-Dutch origin compared with 0.62% of women of Dutch origin.
A significant positive association was found between the non-Dutch origin and the occurrence of GDM (x2=6.7 ; p<0.01). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Diabète, Gestation, Ethnie, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Homme, Pays Bas, Europe, Endocrinopathie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diabetes mellitus, Pregnancy, Ethnic group, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Human, Netherlands, Europe, Endocrinopathy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0050741
Code Inist : 002B21E01A. Création : 31/05/1999.