The purpose of this study was to estimate children's exposure to traffic (number of streets crossed) and to determine the role of exposure in pedestrian injury.
Questionnaires were distributed to a random sample of 4080 first-and fourth-grade children in 43 Montreal schools.
When analyzed by police district, injury and exposure rates were positively correlated (r2=0.53).
Crossings were similar by sex but increased with age and were inversely related to socioeconomic status.
These results suggest that although children's exposure to traffic could be reduced by transporting tham to school, a more reasonable prevention strategy involves environmental changes.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trafic routier, Exposition, Accident circulation, Piéton, Accident corporel, Taux, Zone urbaine, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Enfant, Homme, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Traumatisme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Road traffic, Exposure, Traffic accident, Pedestrian, Personal injury, Rate, Urban area, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Child, Human, Canada, North America, America, Trauma
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0050354
Code Inist : 002B16M. Création : 31/05/1999.