Prenatal diagnosis of bladder exstrophy : What counseling ? Commentary.
Bladder exstrophy has recently become one of the several congenital malformations detectable prenatally by fetal ultrasonography, which implies the necessity of a correct prognostic evaluation of quality of life on which therapeutic termination of pregnancy may depend within the temporal limits stated by the law.
While maintaining a preeminently informative role, prenatal counseling has gained increasing relevance for the quality of life long-term prognosis in adults affected by bladder exstrophy, particularly in regard to urinary continence, and sexual and reproductive problems in male and female individuals.
We report a case of bladder exstrophy diagnosed at 22 week of gestation, and comprehensively review the literature on prenatal diagnostic tools and procedures as well as long-term followup in such cases.
Materials and Methods
At week 22 of gestation a woman underwent prognostic counseling due to the diagnosis of fetal bladder exstrophy made by prenatal ultrasound.
After counseling the parents elected pregnancy termination.
In addition, literature data were analyzed in regard to quality of life and bladder exstrophy.
We believe that the rarity of the prenatal diagnosis of this abnormality has resulted in the lack of a comprehensive review of necessary counseling criteria.
We suggest what we consider to be a valid counseling approach for parents after a prenatal diagnosis of bladder exstrophy.
Mots-clés Pascal : Exstrophie vésicale, Diagnostic, Prénatal, Echographie, Evaluation, Pronostic, Qualité vie, Conseil clinique, Evolution, Etude critique, Enfant, Homme, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Voie urinaire pathologie, Vessie pathologie, Maladie congénitale, Malformation, Exploration ultrason
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vesical exstrophy, Diagnosis, Prenatal, Echography, Evaluation, Prognosis, Quality of life, Clinical counseling, Evolution, Critical study, Child, Human, Urinary system disease, Urinary tract disease, Bladder disease, Congenital disease, Malformation, Sonography
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0050224
Code Inist : 002B14C02. Création : 31/05/1999.