The goal of the present study was to assess the association between alcohol consumption and abdominal fat deposition in France, a country where wine is the most commonly consumed alcoholic beverage.
We analyzed the association between alcohol consumption and various markers of body weight, in a population sample recruited in three distinct geographical areas of France (MONICA centers).
This sample included men (n=1778) and women (n=1730) aged 35 - 64 y, randomly selected from electoral rolls.
Alcohol consumption was assessed with a quantitative frequency questionnaire.
Alcohol intake ranged from 0-1655 ml of alcohol per week.
Wine was the main source of alcohol, representing 67% of total alcohol intake in both genders.
In men, there was no association between alcohol intake and body mass index (BMI) or body weight, whereas in women, alcohol consumption was inversely correlated with BMI (P<0.0001) and body weight (P<0.0002).
In men, total alcohol consumption was positively associated with waist-to-hip ratio (WHR, P<0.0002) and waist girth (P<0.004), independently of BMI.
Similarly, in women, positive associations were found between alcohol intake and WHR (P<0.0001) as well as waist girth (P<0.0001), independently of BMI.
In a linear regression model including types of beverages and usual confounders, reporting consumption of either wine, beer or spirit was poorly associated with WHR in men, whereas wine (P<0.0008) and beer. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Obésité, Abdomen, Anthropométrie, Etude comparative, Consommation alimentaire, Alcool, Indice masse corporelle, Sexe, Epidémiologie, France, Europe, Adulte, Homme, Mâle, Femelle, Etat nutritionnel, Trouble nutrition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Obesity, Abdomen, Anthropometry, Comparative study, Food intake, Alcohol, Body mass index, Sex, Epidemiology, France, Europe, Adult, Human, Male, Female, Nutritional status, Nutrition disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0049886
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 31/05/1999.