The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of menstruation, method of contraception. and iron supplementation on iron status in young Danish women, and to assess whether iron deficiency could be predicted from the pattern of menstruation.
Iron status was examined by measuring serum (S-) ferritin and hemoglobin (Hb) in 268 randomly selected, healthy. menstruating. nonpregnant Danish women aged 18-30 years.
Iron deficiency (S-ferritin<16 mug/l) was observed in 9.7% of the women. iron deficiency anemia (S-ferritin<13 mug/l and Hb<121 g/l) in 2.2%. Iron supplementation. predominantly as vitamin-mineral tablets containing 14-20 mg of ferrous iron was used by 35.1%. The median serum ferritin was similar in non-iron users and in iron users. whereas the prevalence of iron deficiency was 12.6% in nonusers vs. 4.3% in users. the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia 3.4% in nonusers vs. 0% in users (p=0.17) In non-iron-supplemented women.
S-ferritin levels were inversely correlated with the duration of menstrual bleeding (r=-0.25, p<0.001) and with the women's assessment of the intensity of menstrual bleeding (rs=-0.27, p<0.001), whereas no such correlations were found in iron-supplemented women.
The results demonstrate that even moderate daily doses of ferrous iron can influence iron status in women with small iron stores. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Fer, Supplémentation, Danemark, Europe, Epidémiologie, Contraception, Contraceptif, Voie orale, Homme, Adulte jeune, Anémie ferriprive, Femelle, Ferritine, Hémoglobinémie, Exploration, Hémogramme, Hémopathie, Sidéropénie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Iron, Supplementation, Denmark, Europe, Epidemiology, Contraception, Contraceptive, Oral administration, Human, Young adult, Iron deficiency anemia, Female, Ferritin, Hemoglobinemia, Exploration, Blood cell count, Hemopathy, Sideropenia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0049864
Code Inist : 002B19A01. Création : 31/05/1999.