State-of-the-Art Conference : Risks and Protective Effects of Alcohol on the Individual. .
The present review reports on the influence of alcohol drinking and alcohol use disorders on psychiatric disorders and suicidal behaviour.
The base of the study was previous reviews of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism publication Alcohol and Health in 1993 and by Helgason in 1996.
Using a defined search strategy in Medline, another 42 articles from 1994 to 1996 were included in the comorbidity part and 19 in the suicidal part.
Epidemiological and clinical studies confirm high comorbidity of substance use disorders and other mental disorders.
Alcohol abuse worsens the course of psychiatric disorders.
Light to moderate alcohol consumption has no documented positive effect on the course.
Levels of risk consumption of alcohol in psychiatric disorders have not been well defined.
One-fifth to one-third of increased deaths rate among alcoholics is explained by suicide.
In countries with high alcohol consumption, the suicide rate is also high and is increasing with total increased alcohol consumption.
Comorbidity is common among suicide victims, and substance use disorders is most frequently combined with depressive disorders.
Interpersonal loss within 6 weeks before suicide is more often present among alcoholics than nonalcoholic suicide victims.
Mots-clés Pascal : Ethanol, Abus, Alcoolisme, Suicide, Trouble psychiatrique, Dépendance, Article synthèse, Homme, Association morbide, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ethanol, Abuse, Alcoholism, Suicide, Mental disorder, Dependence, Review, Human, Concomitant disease, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0048555
Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 31/05/1999.