Educational differences in leisure-time physical inactivity : A descriptive and explanatory study.
In this study we aim to explain educational differences in leisure-time physical inactivity in terms of psychosocial and material factors.
Cross-sectional data were obtained from the baseline of the Dutch GLOBE study in 1991, including 2598 men and women, aged 15-74 years.
Physical inactivity during leisure time was defined as not participating in any activity, such as sports, gardening, walking or cycling.
Psychosocial factors included in the study were coping resources, personality, and stressors.
Material factors were financial situation, employment status, and living conditions.
Logistic regression models were used to calculate educational differences in physical inactivity.
Physical inactivity was more prevalent in lower educational groups.
Psychosocial factors related to physical inactivity were locus of control, parochialism, neuroticism, emotional social support, active problem focussing, optimistic and palliative coping styles.
Material factors associated with physical inactivity were income, employment status and financial problems.
All correlates of physical inactivity were unequally distributed over educational groups, except optimistic and palliative coping.
Personality and coping style were the main contributors to the observed educational differences in physical inactivity. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Exercice physique, Loisir, Epidémiologie, Homme, Statut socioéconomique, Niveau étude, Personnalité, Coping, Stress, Revenu individuel, Pays Bas, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Physical exercise, Leisure, Epidemiology, Human, Socioeconomic status, Education level, Personality, Coping, Stress, Personal income, Netherlands, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0046424
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 31/05/1999.