To examine the extent of parental knowledge about lead poisoning and its prevention and to determine characteristics associated with accurate lead knowledge.
Twenty-three pediatric practices and 1 family practice in Chicago, Ill, and its suburbs.
A 24-question test regarding lead poisoning and its prevention (Chicago Lead Knowledge Test) was developed based on lead specialists'review and parental test-retest reliability.
One point was assigned for each correct response.
It was self-administered by a sample of 2225 parents of 0-to 6-year-old children visiting study practices.
A 1-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine the association of demographic descriptors with test scores.
Respondents had a mean age of 33 years.
Ninety percent were mothers, 49% were college graduates, and 80% were home owners.
Fifteen percent lived in homes built before 1950, of which 36% were remodeled or renovated during the last 6 months.
Respondents'youngest children were 80% white, 10% Hispanic, 5% African American, and 5% other.
Ten percent received Medicaid and 86% had other medical insurance.
Thirty-four percent recalled receipt of lead information from a health care provider, and 2.4% had had a child with a blood lead level of 0.48 mumol/L (10 mug/dL) or higher.
The mean Chicago Lead Knowledge Test score was 12.2 (SD, 3.7). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Saturnisme, Toxicité, Plomb, Connaissance, Parent, Questionnaire, Programme éducatif, Evaluation, Homme, Surveillance, Prévention
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Saturnism, Toxicity, Lead, Knowledge, Parent, Questionnaire, Educational schedule, Evaluation, Human, Surveillance, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0045623
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 31/05/1999.