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  1. What do parents know about lead poisoning ? the Chicago Lead Knowledge Test.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives 

    To examine the extent of parental knowledge about lead poisoning and its prevention and to determine characteristics associated with accurate lead knowledge.

    Setting 

    Twenty-three pediatric practices and 1 family practice in Chicago, Ill, and its suburbs.

    Methods 

    A 24-question test regarding lead poisoning and its prevention (Chicago Lead Knowledge Test) was developed based on lead specialists'review and parental test-retest reliability.

    One point was assigned for each correct response.

    It was self-administered by a sample of 2225 parents of 0-to 6-year-old children visiting study practices.

    A 1-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine the association of demographic descriptors with test scores.

    Results 

    Respondents had a mean age of 33 years.

    Ninety percent were mothers, 49% were college graduates, and 80% were home owners.

    Fifteen percent lived in homes built before 1950, of which 36% were remodeled or renovated during the last 6 months.

    Respondents'youngest children were 80% white, 10% Hispanic, 5% African American, and 5% other.

    Ten percent received Medicaid and 86% had other medical insurance.

    Thirty-four percent recalled receipt of lead information from a health care provider, and 2.4% had had a child with a blood lead level of 0.48 mumol/L (10 mug/dL) or higher.

    The mean Chicago Lead Knowledge Test score was 12.2 (SD, 3.7). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Saturnisme, Toxicité, Plomb, Connaissance, Parent, Questionnaire, Programme éducatif, Evaluation, Homme, Surveillance, Prévention

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Saturnism, Toxicity, Lead, Knowledge, Parent, Questionnaire, Educational schedule, Evaluation, Human, Surveillance, Prevention

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0045623

    Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 31/05/1999.