The co-occurrence of spouse and physical child abuse : A review and appraisal.
For more than 20 years, there have been periodic reports in the research literature about the co-occurrence of spouse abuse and physical child abuse.
This review compiles and evaluates those reports.
Forty-two studies were found that provided some data concerning co-occurrence ; 31 of the studies included sufficient detail to be used in this review.
The different types of studies are classified and methodological issues are discussed.
The base rate of co-occurrence found in representative community samples was about 6%. In clinical samples of either battered women or physically abused children, the percentage of overlap ranged from 20% to 100%. When a conservative definition of child abuse was used, a median co-occurrence rate of 40% was found.
Five models depicting the directionality of abuse in violent families are proposed and discussed in relation to the data and theories of violence.
Recommendations for methodological improvements and theory-driven studies are presented.
Mots-clés Pascal : Enfant maltraité, Femme maltraitée, Milieu familial, Environnement social, Article synthèse, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Victimologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Child abuse, Woman abuse, Family environment, Social environment, Review, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental health, United States, North America, America, Human, Victimology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0044106
Code Inist : 002B18F02. Création : 31/05/1999.