The effect of heavy maternal workload on fetal growth retardation and preterm delivery : A study among Southern Thai women.
Heavy maternal workloads are considered to be hazardous to the fetus.
The effects of physical activity during pregnancy on low birth weight (LBW), small for gestational age (SGA), and prematurity were assessed from a sample of 1797 women in a follow-up study at the antenatal clinic of two hospitals in southern Thailand.
The women were interviewed twice, at 17 and 32 gestational weeks.
Outcome data were obtained from medical records and the newborn gestational age determined using Dubowitz's score.
The risk of SGA was elevated for women working>50 hours/week, squatting in work, commuting>1 hour/day, and having high psychological job demands ; the risk of preterm delivery was increased with obstetrical complications.
Women who worked long hours and had demanding work conditions had an elevated risk of giving birth to SGA infants but not of preterm delivery.
Mots-clés Pascal : Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Durée hebdomadaire travail, Prématurité, Homme, Hypotrophie foetale, Femelle, Epidémiologie, Thaïlande, Asie, Dossier médical, Etude longitudinale, Facteur risque, Analyse multivariable, Condition travail, Stress, Charge travail, Gestation pathologie, Foetus pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Weekly working hours, Prematurity, Human, Intrauterine growth retardation, Female, Epidemiology, Thailand, Asia, Medical record, Follow up study, Risk factor, Multivariate analysis, Working condition, Stress, Workload, Pregnancy disorders, Fetal diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0042624
Code Inist : 002B20F02. Création : 31/05/1999.