Prevalence of Coxiella burnetii infections among North Dakota sheep producers.
A case of Q fever in a sheep producer was detected by a surveillance system in North Dakota in 1993, when Q fever was not reportable.
This is the first officially documented case in the state.
To estimate the prevalence of Coxiclla burnetii infection and identify associated risk factors, we conducted a study covering the whole state.
A total of 17 cases were identified among 496 sheep producers, their family members, and hired helpers.
The number of sheep raised was a good predictor of C. burnetii infection.
Lambing outdoors and frequent physical contacts with sheep during lambing were associated with a higher risk, but petting dogs was correlated with a lower risk.
We conclude that C. burnetii infection is prevalent among sheep producers in North Dakota.
As the result, Q fever became a reportable disease in North Dakota.
Mots-clés Pascal : Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Elevage, Mouton, Artiodactyla, Ungulata, Mammalia, Vertebrata, Fièvre Q, Rickettsiose, Rickettsialose, Bactériose, Infection, Coxiella burnetii, Rickettsieae, Rickettsiaceae, Rickettsiales, Bactérie, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Etude cas, Toxicité, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Rearing, Sheep, Artiodactyla, Ungulata, Mammalia, Vertebrata, Q fever, Rickettsial infection, Rickettsialosis, Bacteriosis, Infection, Coxiella burnetii, Rickettsieae, Rickettsiaceae, Rickettsiales, Bacteria, Prevalence, Risk factor, Case study, Toxicity, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0041896
Code Inist : 002B05B03. Création : 31/05/1999.