Criteria for the reintegration in the workforce of workers with musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limbs, based on preliminary practical experience.
This paper presents a preliminary study on the return to the workforce of employees with WMSDs of the upper limbs, and their reallocation to jobs with'low exposure'The study, which is still underway, involves a large engineering firm and includes some 100 workers affected by WMSDs.
The trial involved :
providing a definition of the criteria for characterizing'accommodating'jobs (i.e. frequency of action<20 actions/min ; virtual absence of other risk factors such as force, awkward posture, inadequate pauses, etc.) ;
effectively identifying jobs meeting such criteria (or jobs which, with minimal modifications, could be made suitable) ;
classifying WMSD workers according to the type and severity of the disorder ;
matching WMSD workers with the jobs best suited to them ;
specific training for the workers and their supervisors ;
carrying out a follow-up of the return of WMSD workers to the workforce in organizational terms (i.e. the need for further modifications to equipment or procedures) and clinical terms (i.e. symptom patterns, acceptability of the condition).
The preliminary results, 6-12 months after the start of the trial, are extremely encouraging, and show that when workers return to the workforce in jobs that fully meet defined criteria, a significant prevalence of'improvements'are reported among the workers involved. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Exposition professionnelle, Membre supérieur, Contrainte mécanique, Poste travail, Ergonomie, Médecine travail, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Homme, Réintégration, Système musculosquelettique pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational exposure, Upper limb, Mechanical stress, Workplace layout, Ergonomics, Occupational medicine, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Human, Musculoskeletal diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0036393
Code Inist : 002B16H. Création : 31/05/1999.