The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of and factors related to pneumoconiosis in foundry workers.
Seven hundred and eighteen workers from 50 foundries in central Taiwan were interviewed using a constructed questionnaire.
A full-sized PA chest radiograph was used to diagnose pneumoconiosis, according to ILO criteria.
Overall, pneumoconiosis was found in 7.5% of the workers.
The highest prevalence was found among furnace workers (15.9%) and molding workers (8.40%). All foundry workers except those in administrative positions had a significantly increased risk of developing pneumoconiosis.
Using a multiple logistic regression, compared to administrative workers, furnace workers had the highest risk (10.63 times), followed by post-treatment workers (6.63 times), and molding workers (5.41 times).
In conclusion, the prevalence of pneumoconiosis was significantly related to high concentrations of dust, especially with a high proportion of free silica, however, smoking and length of exposure were also contributing factors.
Mots-clés Pascal : Fonderie, Industrie métallurgique, Taiwan, Asie, Pneumoconiose, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Homme, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Maladie professionnelle, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Foundry, Metallurgical industry, Taiwan, Asia, Pneumoconiosis, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Human, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Occupational disease, Respiratory disease, Lung disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0034404
Code Inist : 002B03L03. Création : 31/05/1999.